Punishment An overview of the philosophy of punishment. (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Legal Punishment (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Sentencing An extensive slide show on the purpose of punishment. (Southern Oregon University)
Punishment Essay by philosopher John Rawls on the justification for punishment.
The History and Philosophy of Punishment and Penology A short article laying out the history of some of the philosophies of punishment. (MegaLinks in Criminal Justice)
Yahoo Directory: Prison History
History of the North Carolina Prison System 1870–1970
Punishment: A Brief History An extensive slide show on the history. (Southern Oregon University)
Early Prisons An extensive slide show on the history of prisons. (Southern Oregon University)
Jails An extensive slide show on 19th and 20th century jails.
Encyclopedia of Everyday Law: Sentencing and Sentencing Guidelines
State Sentencing Commissions Contact information for state sentencing commissions. (National Association of State Sentencing Commissions)
U.S. Sentencing Commission Information and publications from the U.S. Sentencing Commission, an independent federal agency in the judicial branch that develops guidelines for sentencing in federal courts, collects data about crime and sentencing, and serves as a resource on crime and sentencing policy.
Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines and Commentary (Minnesota Sentencing Guidelines Commission)
Reconsidering Indeterminate and Structured Sentencing Overview of indeterminate and structured sentencing in America and elaborates on the contrasts between them. (National Institute of Justice)
Appeals Judges’ Time Wasted Parsing Out Sentencing Guidelines Article discussing Congress’ sentencing guidelines for federal judges and the resulting flow of appeals over hair-splitting issues. (Law.com)
NCJRS: Sentencing and Sanctions Publications and links from the federal government. (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
National Institute of Corrections: Digital Resource Library Publications on all aspects of corrections.