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Songs of World War I

Songs of World War I

A small sampling of the songs of the Great War and resources for finding more.

British Songs

Itsalong_way_to_TipperaryBritish Songs

"It's a Long Way to Tipperary." Popular during the war, this British music hall song refers to Tipperary, a small town in Ireland far from the battles of the Great War. It's not a rousing let's-go-war song. Rather it's a song that longs for home.

It's a long way to Tipperary,
it's a long way to go.
It's a long way to Tipperary,
to the sweetest girl I know.
Good bye, Piccadilly,
Farewell Leicester Square.
It's a long long way to Tipperary,
but my heart's right there.


Along similar lines is "Keep the Home-Fires Burning ('Till the Boys Come Home)."

Keep the Home Fires Burning,
While your hearts are yearning.
Though your lads are far away
They dream of home.
There's a silver lining
Through the dark clouds shining,
Turn the dark cloud inside out
Till the boys come home.


"Pack All Your Troubles (In Your Old Kit Bag)" was written in 1915 and used to boost morale.

Pack up your troubles in y2our old kit bag,
And smile, smile, smile,
While you've a lucifer to light your fag,
Smile, boys, that's the style.
What's the use of worrying?
It never was worth while, so
Pack up your troubles in your old kit bag,
And smile, smile, smile.

Russian Songs

Russian Songs

salvic_woman"Slavic Woman's Farewell"

Written by the Russian composer Vasily Agapkin in 1912 during the Balkan wars, this patriotic march grew popular during the Great War. The song often was played as Russian soldiers marched off to war.














French Songs

French Songs

The most popular French song of the war was "La Madelon," a song of yearning for a young woman.

"Mademoiselle from Armentières" was a song popular with French troops in the 1830s. It became popular again, especially in America, during World War I. Below are the American lyrics:

The first Marine, he found the bean, parlez vous.
The second Marine, he cooked the bean, parlez vous.
The third Marine, he ate the bean and blew apart the submarine.
Inky dinky parlez vous.

American Songs

Over_There_1American Songs

George M. Cohan and Irving Berlin, two of America's popular songwriters, wrote songs during the war.

"Over There" is one of Cohan's most famous songs. The cover for the song was illustrated by Norman Rockwell, who became famous later for his covers for the magazine The Saturday Evening Post.

 Over there, over there,
 Send the word, send the word over there
 That the Yanks are coming, the Yanks are coming
 The drums rum tumming everywhere.
 So prepare, say a prayer,
 Send the word, send the word to beware 
 We'll be over, we're coming over,
 And we won't come back till it's over, over there.

Irving Berlin also composed a number of songs during the war.


 
He wrote "Oh! How I Hate to get up in the Morning" as a complaint about waking to reveille every morning, which he did after being drafted into Army.

Oh_How_I_Hate_to_Get_up_in_the_Morning_1cOh! how I hate to get up in the morning,
Oh! how I'd love to remain in bed;
For the hardest blow of all, is to hear the bugler call;
You've got to get up, you've got to get up
You've got to get up this morning!
Some day I'm going to murder the bugler,
Some day they're going to find him dead;
I'll amputate his reveille, and step upon it heavily,
And spend the rest of my life in bed.

The song spawned many parodies, describing life in the Army.










Another popular American song about military life was "You're in the Army Now."  

You're in the Army now,
You're not behind a plow;
You'll never get rich,
Digging a ditch,
You're in the Army now. 


Another popular song, "How Ya Gonna Keep 'em Down on the Farm (After They've Seen Paree)?," reflected a real social concern in American life, as after the war, more Americans began migrating to cities.

hello_central"Hello Central, Give Me No Man's Land" tells about a child, whose father has been killed in the trenches of the war, who uses the telephone to call him. The song was made popular by Al Jolson, an entertainer of the era, in the play Sinbad.

Hello Central, give me no man's land
My Daddy's there, my Mama told me
She tiptoed off to bed, after my prayers were said
Don't ring when you get my number, or you'll disturb Mama's slumber
I'm afraid to stand here at the phone, >cause I'm alone,
So won't you hurry
I want to know why Mama starts to weep, when I say, "Now I lay me down to sleep"
Hello Central, give me no man's land







I_didn't_raise_my_boy_to_be_a_soldier1

Before America entered the war in 1917, quite a few songs opposed going to war. The most popular song was "I Didn't Raise My Boy to Be a Soldier."

I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier,
I brought him up to be my pride and joy.
Who dares to place a musket on his shoulder,
To shoot some other mother's darling boy?
Let nations arbitrate their future troubles,
It's time to lay the sword and gun away.
There'd be no war today,
If mothers all would say,
"I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier."

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Three outstanding collections of the music of the Great War can be found at:

The Voices And Music Of World War I

Miller Nichols Library, University of Missouri, Kansas City
This website highlights the American WWI experience through printed music and audio discs of the day. In addition, there is a section dedicated to spoken word recordings containing the voices of leaders and personalities of the day.

World War I Sheet Music

Brown University Library Center for Digital Scholarship
The World War I digital sheet music collection is  composed of over 1,800 titles that relate in some way to the events of World War I, and the impact of that war on American society. There are patriotic songs, songs relating to specific military units, romantic songs of love and loss, comic songs, and songs that look to the war's end. Cover art on the songs is particularly striking.

Popular Songs of World War I

Cylinder and Preservation Project, Donald C. Davidson Library, University of California, Santa Barbara
With America's entry into the war, a torrent of patriotic songs, sheet music, and musical revues followed. The collection includes cylinder recordings of popular songs divided into six categories that broadly reflect some of the main themes of WWI music: Patriotic Americans Fighting Across the Foam; The Life of the Soldier, On and Off the Battlefield; Love During Wartime; The Fight Viewed from the Home Front; War Perpetuates the Status Quo; and Remembering the Troops.