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Unit 3: The Code Napoleon
Of Democrats & Dictators Links, Unit 3: The Code Napoleon

French Revolution | Napoleon | Before the Code and Making the Code | Rational Reforms
Civil Code & Its Legacy | Differences Between Civil Code and Common Law


The French Revolution

Wikipedia: French Revolution

Encarta: French Revolution

1911 Britannica: French Revolution

World Civilizations: French Revolution

Catholic Encyclopedia: French Revolution


History Guide

Origins of the French Revolution

            The French Revolution: The Moderate Stage

            The French Revolution: The Radical Stage


Google Directory: French Revolution

Yahoo Directory: French Revolution


Wikipedia: Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

1911 Britannica: Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen

Avalon Project: Declaration of the Rights of Man Complete text.


Napoleon

Wikipedia: Napoleon I of France

Citizendium: Napoleon

Encarta: Napoleon I

1911 Britannica: Napoleon I

World Civilizations: Napoleon

History Guide: Napoleon


Napoleon Series Resources and articles on Napoleon.

Yahoo Directory: Napoleon 

Open Directory Project: Napoleon Bonaparte

Google Directory: Napoleon Bonaparte 


The Law in France Before the Code and Making the Code

Wikipedia: Robert Joseph Pothier

1911 Britannica: Robert Joseph Pothier


Wikipedia: Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès

1911 Britannica: Jean Jacques Regis De Cambaceres


Wikipedia: Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis

1911 Britannica: Jean Etienne Marie Portalls


Wikipedia: François Denis Tronchet

1911 Britannica: Francois Denis Tronchet


Preliminary Address on the First Draft of the Civil Code By Portalis, Tronchet, and other members of the government-appointed commission.


France’s Council of State Details on this institution.


Rational Reforms

Wikipedia: Metric System

Citizendium: International System of Units

Encarta: Metric System

1911 Britannica: Metric System


Wikipedia: Celsius

Citizendium: Temperature

Uppsala Astronomical Observatory: History of the Celsius Temperature Scale


Wikipedia: Dvorak Simplified Keyboard

The Dvorak Keyboard: A Brief Primer By Randy Cassingham.

The Curse of Qwerty By Jared Diamond.

Dvorak Zine A 24-page zine using comics to promote the Dvorak keyboard.

Yahoo Directory: Dvorak Keyboard

Google Directory: Dvorak


Center for Plain Language

Wikipedia: Spelling Reform

Is Simplified Spelling Worth Reform? Posts on Slashdot on this subject.

International Phonetic Alphabet A chart of a new phonetic alphabet.

Benjamin Franklin’s Phonetic Alphabet Franklin’s proposal for a new alphabet.

A Practical Approach to Spelling Reform An article by Walter F. Cook, Phoenix, AZ.

Yahoo Directory: Spelling Reform

Google Directory: Spelling Reform


Wikipedia: French Republican Calendar

Calendar Reform Explanations of many proposals.

Calendar Reform Links

Yahoo Directory: Calendar Reform


Esperanto—USA The web site for the U.S. group espousing Esperanto.

Wikipedia: Esperanto

Esperanto: A Critique By James Chandler

Yahoo Directory: Esperanto

Google Directory: Esperanto

Open Directory Project: Esperanto


Clarity An international association promoting plain legal language.

Law and Justice Foundation: Plain language law bibliography

PlainLanguage.gov: Legal Examples

Management: Raising the Bar on Legal Writing By Lily Whiteman.

Plain Language in Law By Sandeep Dave.

Plain Language Association International: Plain Legal Language Resources


The Civil Code & Its Legacy

Wikipedia: The Napoleonic Code

Encarta: Code Napoleon

1911 Britannica: Code Napoleon


Civil Code or Code Napoleon An essay by Richard Moore.

The Civil Code: An Overview An essay by Tom Holmberg.

History Magazine: The Code Napoleon


History Guide: Selections From the Code Napoleon

Napoleon Series: The Civil Code The complete text.


Differences Between the Civil Code and Common Law

Adherence to Precedent From The Nature of the Judicial Process, lectures delivered at Yale University by Benjamin N. Cardozo, U.S. Supreme Court justice.


Rent-Seeking Through Litigation: Adversarial and Inquisitorial Systems Compared An academic paper comparing the two systems.

Foreword to Edition on the Jury System From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 1 (Spring 1999).


The American Criminal Jury From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 41 (Spring 1999).

The Civil Jury in America From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 285 (Spring 1999).


Juries and Jury Reform in England and Wales From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 7 (Spring 1999).

The Scottish Criminal Jury From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 173 (Spring 1999).


Criminal Trial Juries in Australia: From Penal Colonies to a Federal Democracy From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 69 (Spring 1999).

The New Zealand Jury From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 103 (Spring 1999).


The Jury System in Contemporary Ireland From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 203 (Spring 1999).


The Civil Jury in Canada From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 305 (Spring 1999).

The Canadian Criminal Jury From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 141 (Spring 1999).


Europe’s New Jury Systems: The Cases of Spain and Russia From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 233 (Spring 1999).


Reviving the Criminal Jury in Japan From 62 Law & Contemporary Problems 261 (Spring 1999).