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Brown

Landmarks Links, Brown v. Board of Education(1954)

Background | Smith v. Allwright | Morgan v. Virginia | Shelley v. Kraemer | Sweatt v. Painter | Palko v. Connecticut | McLaurin v. Oklahoma | Brown I | Brown II | Loving v. Virginia | Parents Involved in Community Schools | Thurgood Marshall | Earl Warren | Books

Background

Constitutional Rights Foundation: Plessy v. Ferguson Links to information on this case.

Exploring Constitutional Conflicts: Separate But Equal? The Road to Brown

Smith v. Allwright (1944 )

Encyclopedia Articles:

Wikipedia: Smith v. Allwright

Encarta: Smith v. Allwright

Answers.com: Smith v. Allwright

Oyez: Smith v. Allwright Summary of the case and link to the opinion.

Smith v. Allwright - Further Readings An overview of the case.

University of Texas at Austin: White Primaries: Smith v. Allwright Background on the case.

Text of the Case:

Justia: Smith v. Allwright

FindLaw: Smith v. Allwright

Legal Information Institute: Smith v. Allwright

Morgan v. Virginia (1946)

Answers.com: Morgan v. Virginia Encyclopedia article.

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia Overview of the case.

PBS: The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow: Morgan v. Virginia

Text of the Case:

FindLaw: Morgan v. Virginia

Legal Information Institute: Morgan v. Virginia

Wikipedia: Irene Morgan 

Shelley v. Kraemer (1948)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Answers.com: Shelley v. Kraemer

Wikipedia: Shelley v. Kraemer

InfoPlease: Shelley v. Kraemer

Oyez: Shelley v. Kraemer Summary of the case and link to the opinion. 

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: Shelley v. Kraemer Overview of the case.

Text of the Case:

Justia: Shelley v. Kraemer

FindLaw: Shelley v. Kraemer

Legal Information Institute: Shelley v. Kraemer

Sweatt v. Painter (1950)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Encarta: Sweatt v. Painter

Wikipedia: Sweatt v. Painter

Answers.com: Sweatt v. Painter

Oyez: Sweatt v. Painter Summary of the case and link to the opinion.

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: Sweatt v. Painter

University of Texas: Heman Marion Sweatt’s Legal Challenge that Integrated The University of Texas Long article and links.

Text of the Case:

Justia: Sweatt v. Painter

FindLaw: Sweatt v. Painter

Legal Information Institute: Sweatt v. Painter

Links:

Yahoo Directory: Sweatt v. Painter

Google Directory: Sweatt v. Painter

Open Directory Project: Sweatt v. Painter

McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents (1950)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Wikipedia: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

Answers.com: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education Overview of the case.

Text of the Case:

Justia: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

FindLaw: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

Legal Information Institute: McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents

Brown I (1954)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Encarta: Brown v. Board of Education

Wikipedia: Brown v. Board of Education

Infoplease: Brown v. Board of Education

Answers.com: Brown v. Board of Education

University of Michigan: Brown v. Board of Education Digital Archive

New York Times: High Court Bans School Segregation News article announcing the decision.

National Archives: Order of Argument in the Case A nice background on the case along with a primary source document.

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Brown v. Board of Education Resources include background summaries, key excerpts of the majority opinion, and a diagram of how this case moved through the court system.

Oyez: Brown v. Board of Education Summary of the case and link to the opinion.

Brown v. Board of Education — Further Readings Overview of the case.

PBS: Supreme Court History: Brown v. Board of Education

Text of the Case:

FindLaw: Brown v. Board of Education

Legal Information Institute: Brown v. Board of Education

Justia: Brown v. Board of Education

Links:

Yahoo Directory: Brown v. Board of Education

Google Directory: Brown v. Board of Education

Open Directory Project: Brown v. Board of Education

CivilRights.org: Brown Online

Constitutional Rights Foundation: Brown v. Board of Education

Brown II (1955)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Wikipedia: Brown II

Answers.com: Brown II

Oyez: Brown II Summary of the case and link to the opinion.

Text of the Case:

Justia: Brown II

FindLaw: Brown II

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Encarta: Loving v. Virginia

Wikipedia: Loving v. Virginia

Answers.com: Loving v. Virginia

Oyez: Loving v. Virginia A brief summary of the case with links to the oral argument, briefs, and written opinion.

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: Loving v. Commonwealth of Virginia Overview of the case.

ABC News: Groundbreaking Interracial Marriage A report 40 years after the case.

NPR: Loving Decision: 40 Years of Legal Interracial Unions

Text of the Case:

FindLaw: Loving v. Virginia

Legal Information Institute: Loving v. Virginia

Justia: Loving v. Virginia

Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1 (2007)

Encyclopedia Articles:

Wikipedia: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Answers.com: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Oyez: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No.1 A brief summary of the case with links to the oral argument, briefs, and written opinion.

CBS News: High Court Limits Race in School Choice

Text of the Case:

LII: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No.1

FindLaw: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Justia: Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1

Thurgood Marshall

Encyclopedia Articles:

Encarta: Thurgood Marshall

Wikipedia: Thurgood Marshall

Columbia Encyclopedia: Thurgood Marshall

Answers.com: Thurgood Marshall

Citizendium: Thurgood Marshall

Oyez: Thurgood Marshall

Thurgood Marshall — Further Readings

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Thurgood Marshall

Digital History: Thurgood Marshall

New York Times Obituary: Civil Rights Hero Dies at 84

Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary Interviews, speeches, articles, photographs, and excerpts from Juan William’s book on Marshall.

Links:

Google Directory: Thurgood Marshall

Open Directory Project: Thurgood Marshall

Yahoo Directory: Thurgood Marshall

Earl Warren

Encyclopedia Articles:

Encarta: Earl Warren

Wikipedia: Earl Warren

InfoPlease: Earl Warren

Answers.com: Chief Justice Earl Warren

LBJ Library: Oral Histories—Earl Warren

Landmark Supreme Court Cases: Chief Justice Earl Warren

Supreme Court Historical Society: Chief Justice Earl Warren

Oyez: Earl Warren

Law Library: American Law and Legal Information: Earl Warren

New York Times Obituary: Earl Warren, 83

Links:

Yahoo Directory: Earl Warren

Google Directory: Earl Warren

Open Directory Project: Earl Warren

Books

Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America’s Struggle for Equality By Richard Kluger.

Brown v. Board of Education: A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy By James T. Patterson.

Brown v. Board of Education: A Brief History with Documents By Waldo E. Martin.

Brown v. Board of Education: Witness to a Landmark Decision By Jack Greenberg.

Brown v. Board of Education and the Civil Rights Movement By Michael J. Klarman.

What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said: The Nation’s Top Legal Experts Rewrite America’s Landmark Civil Rights Decision By Jack Balkin.

All Deliberate Speed: Reflections on the First Half-Century of Brown v. Board of Education By Charles J. Ogletree.

Thurgood Marshall: American Revolutionary By Juan Williams.

Justice for All: Earl Warren and the Nation He Made By Jim Newton.

Chief Justice: A Biography of Earl Warren By Ed Cray.

Brown v. Board of Education: A Selected Annotated Bibliography (PDF file)