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Unit 5-Chapter 20
Chapter 20: Children and the Constitution

The Rights of Juveniles | School Searches

The Rights of Juveniles

Major U.S. Supreme Court Cases Summaries of cases from Juvenile Justice: A Century of Change. (OJJDP)
The Constitution, Juvenile Justice, and You A curriculum on the major juvenile court decisions. (Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute)
In Re Gault (1967) The U.S. Supreme Court case on the rights of juveniles in the juvenile justice system.
Schall v. Martin (1984) U.S. Supreme Court case that reaffirmed the principle of parens patriae.
In Re Winship (1970) U.S. Supreme Court case on whether the Constitution requires the reasonable doubt standard in juvenile court.
In Re Burrus (1971) U.S. Supreme Court case on whether the Constitution requires a public trial in juvenile court (decided together with McKeiver v. Pennsylvania).
McKeiver v. Pennsylvania (1971) U.S. Supreme Court case on whether the Constitution requires the right to a jury trial in juvenile court.
Breed v. Jones (1975) U.S. Supreme Court case on whether the protection against double jeopardy applies to juvenile court decisions.

School Searches

Exploring Constitutional Conflicts: School Searches An overview of the issue of school drug searches and testing.
New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985) U.S. Supreme Court case that established a standard of “reasonableness” for school searches.
Landmark Supreme Court Cases: New Jersey v. T.L.O. Resources and curriculum on the case. (Street Law)
Vernonia School District v. Acton (1995) U.S. Supreme Court case on the constitutionality of requiring drug tests of all students who participate in sports.
Board of Education v. Earls (1995) U.S. Supreme Court case on the constitutionality of requiring drug tests of all students who participate in extracurricular activities.
Oyez: Board of Education v. Earls Oral arguments transcripts and audio and the written opinion.
Drug Testing, Individualized Suspicion, and the Fourth Amendment: The Supreme Court’s Upcoming Choice Between Two Competing Approaches Two law professors analyze the Earls case in anticipation of the decision. (FindLaw)
The Upcoming Student Drug Testing Case Another discussion of the Earls case before the decision. (Slate)
School Searches After T.L.O. and Vernonia School District An examination of two of the leading cases on school searches. (American Bar Association)

 

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