amazon_smile

 


 
Unit 3-Chapter 12
Chapter 12: Trial

Trial Procedures | Cast of Characters | The Trial of Thomas Evans | Jury Selection | Trial Strategy | Opening Statements | Direct and Circumstantial Evidence | Rules of Evidence | Closing Statements | Instructing the Jury

Key Step: Trial Procedures

The Three Main Steps of a Jury Trial Explanation of jury selection, the trial, and jury deliberations. (California Courts)
Findlaw: Trial Explanation of the basic steps.
An Anatomy of a Criminal Trial Another short explanation of the steps of a trial. (Nolo)
Famous Trials Extensive information about historic famous trials.
Court TV’s Famous Cases More recent famous trials.

Case Notes: Cast of Characters

Trial Courts: Courtroom Players Brief depiction of the different participants in a criminal trial. (Indiana Courts)
Steps in a Trial: Officers of the Court

Case Notes: The Trial of Thomas Evans

Key Step: Jury Selection

Selection of a Jury Explanation to California jurors of the process. (California Courts)
Steps in a Trial: Selecting the Jury (American Bar Association)
Jury—General Information Explanation of jury process to prospective jurors. (Los Angeles Superior Court)
How to Pick A Jury Advice from legendary defense attorney Clarence Darrow on how to pick a jury, as printed in Esquire in 1936.
Effective Voir Dire Tips on how to select a jury. (Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D., director of the Jury Research Division of the National Legal Research Group)
Tips For Understanding and Identifying Juror Bias Aimed many at civil lawsuits but also helpful for criminal trials. (Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.)
Decision Quest A trial consulting firm that helps in high-stakes jury cases.
Jury Research Institute Another trial consulting firm providing services such as mock trials, focus groups, surveys, and jury selection.
Batson v. Kentucky (1986) U.S. Supreme Court decision ruling that prosecutors excluding people from juries on the basis of race violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Georgia v. McCollum (1992) U.S. Supreme Court decision ruling that the defense excluding people from juries on the basis of race violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
J.E.B. v. Alabama (1994) U.S. Supreme Court decision ruling that excluding people from juries on the basis of gender violates the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Exercising Peremptory Challenges in Light of J.E.B. Tips on how to conduct voir dire in light of the new decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court. (Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.)

Case Notes: Trial Strategy

Developing a Defense Strategy Pointers for defendants and defense attorneys. (Attorney H. Michael Steinberg)

Case Notes: Opening Statements

Steps in a Trial: Opening Statements (American Bar Association)
Persuasion at Trial: Opening Statements Tips on making an effective opening statement. (Jeffrey T. Frederick, Ph.D.)
Opening Statements Detailed outline of how to create and present an opening statement. (Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas)
Selena murder trial opening statements Opening statements for the prosecution and defense in a 1995 murder trial.
An Example of a Defense Opening Statement From the same 1996 murder trial.

Case Notes: Direct and Circumstantial Evidence

Circumstantial Evidence Extended definition from the 'Lectric Law Library.

Case Notes: Rules of Evidence

Encyclopedia of Everyday Law: Evidence
Wikipedia: Evidence
Summary of the Rules of Evidence: The Essential Tools For Survival in the Courtroom A long essay by Attorney Vincent DiCarlo covering the rules of evidence. (FindLaw)
Rules of Evidence A collection of rules of evidence adopted by federal and state courts and legislatures, which the authors consider useful to learning of the law of evidence. (Green, Nesson, and Murray, Harvard Law School)
Federal Rules of Evidence
Persuasion at Trial: Cross-examination Tips on conducting an effective cross-examination.
Persuasion at Trial: Direct Examination Tips on conducting an effective direct examination.
Tips for Increasing the Effectiveness of Witnesses
Making Better Witnesses-The LOFT Model More tips on making witnesses more effective.

Case Notes: Closing Statements

Steps in a Trial: Closing Arguments (American Bar Association)
Persuasion at Trial: Closing Arguments Tips on making an effective closing statement.
Closing Arguments Detailed outline of how to create and present a closing statement. (Lindsley Armstrong Smith, University of Arkansas)
Closing Argument of John Doar In the 1967 Mississippi Burning case.
Closing Argument of Clarence Darrow In the 1925 case of People v. Ossian Sweet.

Case Notes: Instructing the Jury

Steps in a Trial: Instructions to the Jury (American Bar Association)
Jury Instructions in O.J. Simpson Case
Model Criminal Jury Instructions (PDF file) For the Eighth Circuit Court.
Plain Language and Jury Instructions A discussion of the movement to make jury instructions more easily understandable and before-and-after examples.
Finding Jury Instructions Links to many sources of jury instructions.
The Answer Book for Jury Service Prepared for jurors serving in the state of Virginia.
High Court Warns About Test for Reasonable Doubt Article on U.S. Supreme Court decision on the test for reasonable doubt. ('Lectric Law Library)
Sandoval v. California and Victor v. Nebraska (1994) Text of the U.S. Supreme Court decision on the definition of reasonable doubt.