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Unit 1-Chapter 3
Chapter 3: Criminals

History of Violent Crime in America | How Much Crime Is There? | Youth, Gangs, and Violence | White-Collar Criminals | Swindlers and Con Artists

History of Violent Crime in America

Historical Crime Statistics Link Guide Links to historical crime data. (National Archive of Criminal Justice Data)
Famous Cases Overviews of some of the FBI’s most famous, closed investigations. (FBI)
Court TV’s Crime Library Full-length articles on serial killers, terrorists, gangsters, spies, assassins, and other criminals, including articles on:

Jesse James
Lynchings in America
Al Capone—Made in America
Charles Arthur Floyd: “Pretty Boy”
Bonnie & Clyde
John Dillinger

Billy the Kid Article on the outlaw. (Spartacus)
John Wesley Hardin (Spartacus)
The Mystery of the Falling Crime Rate The author explores the reasons for the falling crime rate and advocates “front-end” strategies such as increased police patrols, drug treatment, and gun control over “back-end” strategies such as increased imprisonment. (American Prospect)
Crime and Punishment in America Argues that crime has gone down because of longer sentences for criminals. (National Center for Policy Analysis)
What Accounts for the Decline in Crime? Three economists examine the decline in property crime.
Legalized Abortion and Crime Download A law professor and economist suggest there is a correlation between falling crime rates and the legalization of abortion. (Social Science Research Network)
Pre-emptive Executions? Argues that the connection between the crime rate and abortion is “logically flawed” and “morally repugnant.” (American Conservative)

How Much Crime Is There?

The Nation’s Two Crime Measures Describes the purposes and advantages of the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports and the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ National Crime Victimization Survey. (Bureau of Justice Statistics)
How Accurate Is Crime Data? A brief outline answer. (Crime.org)
FBI Uniform Crime Reports The latest statistics from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports, one of the main sources of crime statistics. See also its FAQ.
Criminal Victimization in the United States—Statistical Tables More than 100 tables of data measured by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS).
Homicide Trends in the United States A series of charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States since 1976. (Bureau of Justice Statistics)
Homicide Rates in the U.S. Chart on homicide rates. (Bureau of Justice Statistics)
Leading Causes of Death Reports Data on the leading causes of death by race, ethnicity, age, year, sex, region, and state. (Centers for Disease Control)
Bureau of Justice Statistics Statistics about criminals, crime and victims, drugs, homicide, firearms, international justice, police, prosecutors, courts and sentencing, corrections, the federal justice system, and more.
Statistical Analysis Centers Links to each state’s center for crime statistics.
NCJRS: National Criminal Justice Reference Service Extensive publications and links on corrections, courts, crime, crime prevention, drugs, justice system, juvenile justice, law enforcement, victims, and many other topics.
Crime Statistics Link Guide Links to city, county, state, national, and international crime statistics sites. (Crime.org)
Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics on all aspects of criminal justice in the United States. It includes over 600 tables from more than 100 sources.
National Archive of Criminal Justice Data Free access to more than 550 computer-readable criminal justice data collections.

Youth, Gangs, and Violence

Criminal Justice Resources: Gangs A compilation of resources focusing mostly on youth gangs.
NCJRS: Gang Crime Publications and links from the federal government. (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
NCJRS: In the Spotlight: Gangs Facts and figures, legislation, publications, programs, training and technical assistance, grants and funding, and links to related resources.
National Gang Crime Research Center Information on gangs and gang problems.
National Youth Gang Center Information on gangs including:

Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Gangs
Gang-Related News Articles
Gang-Related Legislation
Publications

Responding to Gangs: Evaluation and Research A 2003 report. (National Institute of Justice)
National Gang Threat Assessment A report on the threat posed by gangs nationally and regionally. (National Alliance of Gang Investigators Associations)
1997 National Youth Gang Survey Results of the 1997 survey on youth gangs.
The Coroner’s Report Information and resources on gang intervention and prevention, including an overview of the history and identification of street gangs and links to other sites.
Youth Gangs: An Overview An extensive analysis of the problem of youth gangs in America in the OJJDP’s Juvenile Justice Bulletin.
Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study (PDF file) A 500-page, 2004 report to the Department of Justice featuring case studies of four cities: Albuquerque, NM; Inglewood, CA; Las Vegas, NV; and Phoenix, AZ.
Chicago v. Morales (1999) The U.S. Supreme Court opinion overturning Chicago’s anti-loitering ordinance.
National Online Youth Summit: Chicago v. Morales: Resources, lessons, and background on this case. (American Bar Association)
Gang Injunctions & Civil Abatement in Los Angeles A description of gang injunctions in Los Angeles, including the constitutional questions surrounding them. (Streetgangs.com)
Can Civil Gang Injunctions Change Communities? (PDF file) A 100-page, 2005 report submitted to the Department of Justice.
Gallo v. Acuna (1997) (PDF File) California Supreme Court decision upholding gang injunctions.
Chained Gang An article discussing the limited effectiveness of injunctions in curbing gang violence and crime. It focuses on the injunction against Pico-Union’s 18th Street gang in Los Angeles. (L.A. Weekly)
Gangs in Los Angeles County Extensive research reports and news on gangs in Los Angeles County. (Streetgangs.com)
Gangbusters: Enjoining the Boys in the “Hood” An article concluding that gang injunctions are only a temporary solution to the gang problem. (American Prospect)
PBS Online NewsHour: Crime Drop A report on the falling crime rate in Boston and the issues of gang violence.
We Need Not Yield to Them An opinion article written by David Kennedy, director of the Boston Gun Project.
The Boston Strategy to Prevent Youth Violence Extensive site explaining the Boston projects.
Pulling Levers: Getting Deterrence Right (PDF file) A 1998 edition of the National Institute of Justice Journal showcases Boston’s success with community-based programs that respond to crime and its destructive effects.
Boston Anti-Gun Initiative Is National Model An article describing the Boston Gun Project, a range of strategies that seem to have disrupted the illegal gun trade in Boston. (Village Life News)
Youth Violence: A Community-Based Response Story of Boston’s success with employing a community-based response to youth violence. (National Institute of Justice)
Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project’s Operation Ceasefire A 2001 report. (National Institute of Justice)
Operation Ceasefire / Boston Gun Project A short explanation and links to articles on the Boston strategy.
Reducing Gun Violence: Operation Ceasefire in Los Angeles A 2005 report on the experience trying to transfer the Boston strategy to Los Angeles. (National Institute of Justice)
Open Directory Project: Gangs Links.
Yahoo Directory: Gangs Links.

White-Collar Criminals

Charles Keating and Lincoln Savings and Loan A bibliography of books on the scandal.
Wikipedia: Charles Keating
Houston Chronicle Special Report: Enron
Houston Chronicle Special Report: Andersen
Washington Post Special Report: Enron
CNN In-Depth Special: The End of Enron?
Financial Times: Special Report: Enron: The Collapse
Guardian Unlimited: Special Report: Enron
BBC News: The Enron Affair
CBC News In Depth: Enron
Frontline: Bigger Than Enron (PBS)
Online NewsHour: Enron After the Collapse (PBS)
Enron The web site of the bankrupt company.
Lessons from the Enron Scandal A 2002 interview. (Markkula Center for Applied Ethics, Santa Clara University)
The Rise and Fall of Enron The story in narrative form. (Journal of Accountancy)
Yahoo Directory: Enron History
Yahoo Full Coverage: Enron The latest news.
Google Directory: Enron
Google Directory: Arthur Andersen
Google Directory: Corporate Crime
BBC News: The Andersen Trial at a Glance
Andersen v. U.S. (2005)
Andersen The web site of the bankrupt company.
The Significant Meaninglessness of Arthur Andersen LLP v. United States (PDF file) A favorable analysis of the Andersen decision. (Cato Supreme Court Review)
White Collar Crime Prof Blog Law professors blog about white-collar crime. (Law Professors Blog Network)
NCJRS: White Collar Crime Publications and links from the federal government. (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
Corporate Scandal Sheet A listing of recent accounting scandals. (Forbes)
A Guide to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act
U.S. Security and Exchange Commission

Swindlers and Con Artists

Internet ScamBusters Information and resources to help protect against scams.
U.S. Department of Justice: Criminal Division: Fraud Section

Internet Fraud
Special Report on Phishing (PDF file)
Telemarketing Fraud

Federal Trade Commission: For Consumers

E-Commerce & the Internet
Investments
Telemarketing

National Fraud Information Center Information on telemarketing and Internet fraud.
Scam Alerts News on the latest scams and classic pitches. (ConsumerAffairs.com)
Telemarketing Predators: Finally, We’ve Got Their Number (PDF file) (National Institute of Justice)
Telemarketing and the Telephone Consumer Protection Act Information about telemarketing, federal and state attempts to restrict telemarketing, and how citizens can stop annoying sales calls to their homes. (Electronic Privacy Information Center)
SafeShopping.org How to shop safely online. (American Bar Association)
BBBOnLine’s Safe Shopping Site (Better Business Bureau)
Investment Swindles: How They Work and How to Avoid Them How to recognize and avoid investment swindlers.
Caveat Mercator A Slate article discussing the difficulty that many online merchants have in spotting thieves.
Off the Hook: Reducing Participation in Telemarketing Fraud A report from AARP.
NCJRS: Fraud Publications and links from the federal government. (National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
Crimes of Persuasion: Schemes, Scams, Frauds Description of many scams, including the Pigeon Drop, Ponzi Schemes, Bank Examiner Swindle, Lottery and Sweepstake Scams, Telemarketing Scams, Internet Fraud, Nigerian Scams, and much more.
Yahoo Directory: Fraud